Skill-based teaching

Students should be capable of imple­menting what they learn

Skill-based teaching denotes a set of strategies aiming to reduce the amount of “inert” information imparted to our students. TUM graduates should be in a position to translate their know­edge into action - which, on the one hand, calls for the long-term inte­gration of factual exper­tise, value judgments, and proficiencies into their personal skill sets; in addition, they should be able to imple­ment these compe­tencies in complex situations.

"Inert" information refers to theo­retical knowledge assimi­lated mentally but not imple­mented in actual practice. During their lecture and class­room sessions, students take in huge quantities of abstract information, much of which does not relate directly to hands-on skills and compe­tencies; further­more, classic examination formats often reinforce this ten­dency. To counter­­act this effect, teaching staff are increasingly being expected to take on a more skill-based perspective, requiring a stronger focus on compe­tency training rather than the mere trans­mission of a canon of know­ledge. This does not imply that factual exper­tise and practical skills should be played off against each other; to this day, a solid basis of theoretical know-how - still a chief prerequisite for the acquisition of skills - can some­times only be built by means of rote memori­zation.

But skills are best learned in action, and can thus only be "taught" to a limited extent. To support skill acquisition, university training programs must offer laboratory-style settings where competencies can be applied to practical situations. Here, expert feedback given honestly on a basis of mutual respect remains crucial in cementing students' newly acquired proficiencies. At this point, students can translate the factual knowledge they have passively absorbed into tangible experience that can be analyzed and reflected upon, and thus fine-tune their decision-making capabilities.

  

  

  


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ProLehre | Medien und Didaktik

Augustenstraße 44
80333 München
Tel.: +49.89.289.25363
E-Mail: info(at)prolehre.tum.de
www.prolehre.tum.de